2019 Moccasin Tracks Updates, Links To Interviews And Announcements


Moccasin Tracks is a radio show featuring “pre-american” ie: Original Peoples perspectives and music (traditional and contemporary) live interviews ,news including National Native News (nv1.org). We often say we are holding space for the indigenous perspective. It is the work of decolonizing and reindigenizing with Earth as Mother and all life as family that inspires Moccasin Tracks. We acknowledge the area we broadcast from as N’Dakinna, the ancestral homeland of the Abenaki Peoples. Rebroadcasts include First Voices Radio with host Tiokasin Ghosthorse http://www.firstvoicesindigenousradio.org (Pacifica Radio Network) and National Native News with host Antonia Gonzalas from Native Voice One (NV1.org) We are currently on air with WRUV FM Burlington at 90.1FM and wruv.org where show is archived week to week Fridays Noon-2PM.
Find Moccasin Tracks page on Facebook.com

We are also creating and archiving events with the various Abenaki Bands, individuals and support groups with the Onion River Access Media where we have produced editions of Moccasin Tracks for Vermont cable TV. (www.orcamedia.net)

contact us at wruv.moccasintracks@gmail.com New Music with Crazy Flute and interview with Jack Crazy Flute Listen here:https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-12-28T09_29_54-08_00  and here: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/communityradiowithdeb/episodes/2019-01-19T05_41_04-08_00 we play music by Crazy Flute too! 61G6Dn103HL._SR600,315_PIWhiteStrip,BottomLeft,0,35_SCLZZZZZZZ_.jpg268x0w copy 2.jpg


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-26T04_27_14-08_00  In this podcast Chenae Bullock gifts us with story about her Canoe Journey and local organizing to protect ancestors, land and water.


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2019-01-06T04_56_52-08_00  In this podcast we are visited by Hears Crow who shares story and storytelling opportunities.

https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb4/episodes/2019-02-02T07_25_33-08_00 Evan Pritchard join us on air for lots of stories..39f900c0.jpg

We also had a wonderful conversation with journalist, author Tracy Hentz and you can go here: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/communityradiowithdeb/episodes/2019-01-19T04_54_00-08_00

For the month of Feb we have guests confirmed  Jimi Brink (Abenaki) on Feb 15 as well as Bird Runningwater to talk about the Indigenous Program from Sundance Institute.  We’re also hoping to talk with storyteller Darlene Kascak (Schaghticoke).  Melissa Otis will join us March 1 to talk about her recently published book,”Rural Indigenousness A History of Iroquoian And Algonquin Peoples Of The Adirondacks”.  And we are working on a program to highlight Teen Dating Violence and Domestic Violence possibly Feb 22.  Tune in Fridays from noon-2PM(EST) at wruv.org and 90.1FM locally. Thank-you WRUV FM Burlington for hosting Moccasin Tracks and making archives!

Bonus: from 1937 Wisconsin Archeologist

W&er Monster Inhabited Lakes of Wisconsin 27

Dorothy Moulding Brown

In Wisconsin Indian Place Legends, a booklet recently published by the Folklore Section of the Wisconsin Federal Writers’ Project, there are a number of aboriginal legends connected with the Wisconsin and Rock Rivers and Lakes Winnebago, Koshkonong, Green, Thunder, and other lakes in which water monsters figure more or less prominently. No one knows how old some of these myths may be. Doubtless, most of them go back into the past for a hundred years, several hundred years, or an even longer period of time. All of our Wisconsin tribesmen appear to have firmly believed that in the many lakes and water courses in their tribal domains and hunting grounds all over Wisconsin there were present animal water demons of a very fierce and destructive nature.

Some of these mythical water monsters were huge snakes, great turtles, monster fish, bears, beavers, or pan- ther-like animals, the latter often known by the name of water spirits.

These water animals lived in dens or lairs at the bottoms of lakes and streams and the very superstitious red men believed them responsible for many of the water phenomena such as storms on water, waterspouts, rapids, and whirl- pools. They were responsible for the overturning of birch- bark or dugout canoes and for the drowning of swimmers. Such victims were often carried down by the water mon- sters into their dens and there devoured or ‘imprisoned, their bodies to be later released. .Such beliefs are still cur- rent among many Indians in W,isconsin. .

In @assingby or over waters’ believed or known to be inhabited by these water spiri’ts, Indian canoemen paused to cast handfuls of kinnikinnik, or Indian tobacco, upon their surfaces to quiet and obtain the good will of these denizens. Such strange proceedings have been mentioned

28 WISCONSIN ARCHEOLOGIST Vol. 17, No.2 by early French fur traders and other travelers and were

also told to other white men by the Indians themselves.

Among other lakes and streams-not already mentioned -which these water monsters were known to inhabit were Lac du Flambeau, the Chain o’ Lakes at Waupaca, Shawano Lake, Okauchee Lake, Poygan Lake, and Devils Lake. Ac- cording to the Chippewa Indians an evil spirit lodges in the waters of Manitowish River, hence its name.

The water panthers, called by the Winnebago, Wakteci, have been described as huge, long-tailed animals with horns on their heads, large fiery eyes, and powerful jaws and claws. At night they came out on the river or lake banks. “Only a few Indians have ever seen them and some persons have become demented by seeing them.”

When Earthmaker created the world he thrust four of these water spirits through it to keep the globe from re- volving and.to quiet it.

On the north shore of Lake Mendota, opposite Gover- nors Island at Madison, is a known Indian den of a group of these underwater panthers. They have been held re- sponsible for a number of drownings which have taken place here in recent years–of both Indians and white men.

These water spirits do not always remain a t this station; some of them roam about the lake searching for possible victims.

It is believed that at Mendota originated the Madison legend that for some unknown reason Lake Mendota muat each year possess the bodies of drowned white persons, Some of these were reported to have been students of the Uni- versity of Wisconsin. On old Indian who makes more or less of a busine~sof finding the bodies of drowned persons is said to have recovered several here.

The tale is told of a monster fish that lives in the deep water off Maple Bluff. This fish is supposed to be an Indian who at one time killed, roasted, and ate a spirit raccoon which he and another native had hunted, following its tracks from the northern shore of Lake Monona. For this rash act this unfortunate Indian, venturing into the

Water Monster Inhabited Lakes of Wisconsin 29 water because of a great thirst which &me upon him, was

transformed into a huge fish.

On still dark nights this monster disports itself in the water below the Bluff and may be heard beating its war drum and singing its war song. For years no Indian of the early Winnebago Tenney Park village, known as Cheedah, would venture very near this place a t any time. Those who did nearly always met with some accident.

In Wisconsin Indian legendary lore “the powerful thun- derbirds” and the water spirits were often at war with each other. Devils Lake obtained its evil name Tawahcunchuk- dahCacred Lake–from a battle of this nature which once took place here. The Thunderers shot their “arrows”

(thunderbolts) down into the water and the water spirits threw great columns of water and jagged boulders into the air to combat their enemies. Thus the rocky bluffs surrounding this beautifur lake were rent and tumbled about as they now are.

A young Indian hunter who ventured near was promised a reward by the water spirits if he would shoot and kill some of the Thunderers, but the Thunderers also promised him a reward if he would destroy some of the water mon- sters. Not wishing to offend either spirit band, the young hunter wisely departed from the scene.

In Potawatomi and Winnebago Indian days a terrible water monster in the form of a fish ranged over the whole course of the Rock River, from the vicinity of present Beloit to the foot of Lake Koshkonong.

In the early spring the presence of this terror was known by the manner in which he had, in a mad rage, broken up the ice in the stream. Some Indians believe that he still occasionally reappears in his old haunts along this river.

A Menomini legend of Sturgeon Bay tells of two Indian girls who, while playing on the sands, were lured down into the waters of the Bay by a big hairy snake. Their father found their footprints on the sandy shore and guessed what had happened to his daughters. With the help of Manabus


and the Thunderers the girls were released from the wig- wam of the monster and safely returned to their sorrowing parents.

In Lake Winnebago there lived a very large fish, prob- ably a sturgeon, with a large appetite for moose, elk, and deer. It caught these in the channel of the lake inlet and devoured horns, hide, hoofs, and all. One day some Win- nebago found this large fish floating on the surface of the water; it was dead. Searching for the cause, they found the branching antler of an elk protruding from its side. The fish swallowed the elk but had been unable to digest the antler.

Inhabiting Lake Koshkonong was a water monster of great power and terrible form. Two Indian boys once set out on this lake in canoes. The canoes were capsized and later the bodies of the boys were found floating in the lake. There was white clay in their ears and nostrils, a sure Indian sign that the water monster had caught and drawned them.

At Green Lake “more than a thousand years ago” a Sioux war party which had come by canoe to attack the Winnebago villages was destroyed by water spirits friendly- to the Winnebago. The latter caused the canoes to be caught in a large whirlpool which they created and to be sucked down into the lake. Thus the Winnebago villages were saved.

A huge serpent formed the bed of the Wisconsin River by wriggling down from the forests of Northern Wisconsin toward the Mississippi River. All other serpents fled be- fore this monster. The large serpent in his course burst through walls of solid rock forming the Wisconsin Dells.

In Thunder Lake a Thunder bird is imprisoned by a water spirit who vanquished him during a struggle while the bird was trying to carry him a~way. The bird is still there.

In a lake near Peshtigo is the den of a great white bear, the king of all bears. This lake, the Indians believe, is the window of a nearby mountain. Through this window the
























Moccasin Tracks Giving Thanks

DSCF2995This week syndicated Moccasin Tracks will be playing  a rebroadcast of a show we aired on WGDR Goddard College Community Radio, Nov 22 with guests featured here (see links below to listen). This week we are adding a short conversation with Crazy Flute Jack Holland and we will post that soon.   We will be back live on WRUV FM Burlington January 4 from noon-2PM. (EST) at wruv.org and 90.1FM and then Jan 18.  Listen below to the show at the links below.

https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-25T05_39_38-08_00    with Tiokasin Ghosthorse and co-hosts Deb Reger and Aaron York.


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-24T07_08_03-08_00 A conversation with Mallory Black with the Stronghearts Native Helpline, Grandmother Carole Bubar Blodgett and co-hosts Deb Reger and Aaron York.


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-26T04_27_14-08_00  A conversation with Chenae Bullock with co-hosts Deb Reger and Aaron York.


Mallory Black

Mallory Black


Tiokasin Ghosthorse


Grandmother Carole Bubar-Blodgett


Host Deb Reger at WRUV FM


Co-host Aaron York on Nov 22, WGDR


Abenaki Musician, Bryan Blanchette Will Be Broadcasting With Moccasin Tracks, December 7, 2018

We are excited to announce that Bryan Blanchette will be visiting with us on Dec 7.  We will be broadcasting from the air studio at WRUV FM Burlington from Noon-2PM (EST) at wruv.org and 90.1FM locally.  We have featured the music of the Black Hawk Singers and original songs by Bryan Blanchette previously on Moccasin Tracks.  Last January we made a video with the Black Hawk Singers and others from the WRUV studio here:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j-2b3cPaRPY

We also love to air Bryan’s station ID he recorded, “you are listening to Moccasin Tracks..” and often open Moccasin Tracks with a song from his album, Just For The Fun Of It or New Songs For The Abenaki.  Here is another video of the Black Hawk Singers at the Saratoga Native American Festival, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPEsObqHFX4

Here is a wonderful Bio written by Gali Sanchez for Bryan.0-4.jpg

“It is said that if you sit by the rivers of New England, you can hear the songs of the ancestors, the Abenaki, carried on the wind or the rushing waters. Now there is a voice so powerful, it can honor the songs of the old ones.

Bryan Blanchette is a 21st century Abenaki artist. He brings 10,000 year old traditions into music and performance into a 21st century setting. A contemporary song may be sung in an Algonquian language, or a traditional pow wow song might be fused with a Euro American musicology. His music is the continuation of millenniums of music tradition of the land that flourished before America was America. Beautiful music and Abenaki heritage combine to create one of New England’s most original artists.

Blanchette’s musical talent is unquestioned. Whether singing at a pow wow with the Blackhawk Singers or performing solo at Vermont’s Flynn Theater, his voice makes listeners stop and take notice. A Native American Elder once told a young Bryan. “You have the voice of a warrior.” He plays multiple instruments, writes his own music and lyrics, and sings with a powerful, captivating Abenaki warrior voice.

Blanchette is a New England native and member of the Nulhegan Band of the Abenaki tribe. He studied music at the world renowned Berklee College of Music. He started pow wow drumming in 1996. His group, The Blackhawk Singers are extremely popular and have performed internationally to critical acclaim. They have released two CDs. He began writing Abenaki language songs in 1998. His contemporary music has also played to critical acclaim throughout New England.”

DSCF3106Here is Bryan at a special broadcast from Brennan’s at UVM with Moccasin Tracks.0-2.jpgDSCF3172.jpgBlack Hawk Singers at Dartmouth College, 2016.0-1.jpgDSCF2770.jpgDSCF2995.JPG

A RadioShow In Solidarity With Indios: The Original Peoples, Living Culture And Giving Thanks: Moccasin Tracks At Goddard College Community Radio, WGDR/WGDH November 22 From Noon-4PM

Tune in at wgdr.org and locally at 91.1FM and 91.7FMDSCF2995.jpg

We are Holding Space on this broadcast for the indigenous, American Indios perspectives, views and music. We are working on having the speeches at Coles Hill (uaine.org) live on the broadcast as well as hearing a bit from Alcatraz Radio. We are honored to be co-hosting this show with Aaron York, a traditional Wabanakai Artist, Birchbark Canoe builder and citizen of The Nulhegan Band of the Coosuk Abenaki Nation. DSCF3025.jpgNational Day of Mourning with United American Indians of New England Plymouth,Mass

Thank-you to WGDR, Goddard College Community Radio for hosting this radio broadcast!
Tune in at 91.1FM, 91.7 FM and online at wgdr.orgDSCF4154hqdefault

Guests at the 1PM hour will be Grandmother Water Protector Carole Bubar- Blodgett .
Sachem Hawk Storm will also join us by phone to gift us with his thoughts, feelings, insights and visions.


Sometime after the 2PM hour we will call Tiokasin Ghosthorse. “TIOKASIN GHOSTHORSE is a member of the Cheyenne River Lakota Nation of South Dakota and has a long history with Indigenous activism and advocacy. Tiokasin is the Founder, Host and Executive Producer of “First Voices Radio” (formerly “First Voices Indigenous Radio”), on the air for the last 26 years and syndicated to 77 public, community and commercial radio stations in the U.S. and Canada. In 2016 Tiokasin received a Nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize from the International Institute of Peace Studies and Global Philosophy. He speaks frequently at venues around the world. His talks focus on the cosmology, diversity and perspectives on the relational/egalitarian vs. rational/hierarchal thinking processes of Western society. A master musician of the Lakota flute, he is a 2016 Native Arts and Cultures Foundation National Artist Fellow in Music. Tiokasin describes himself as a “perfectly flawed human being,” who is a Sundancer in the tradition of the Lakota Nation. www.firstvoicesindigenousradio.org

We also hope to talk with Jack Flute Holland (Crazy Flute) who is on the west coast and has  supportive actions he and his group Guardian Angels take to protect women and children.  Joining us around 3PM Sagkompanau Mishoon Netooeusaua (Chenae Bullock), Shinnecock Nation will be speaking to Land Preservation and Protecting Sacred Sites.”“I comes from a hereditary line of traditional Shinnecock and Montuak whalers. It is in my blood to continue to canoe for my ancestors and help to lead my people back to the way of our traditional practicesand values. Canoeing is what kept close ties and relationships to specific tribes and families strong. To sustain this connection to one another we continue to canoe. Oral history has always been our traditional way of teaching cultural sustainability.” –Chenae Bullock

“Chenae Bullock is a known to many by here traditional indigenous name, Sagkompanau Mishoon Netoouesqua in the Shinnecock language. The translation is “I Lead Canoe I am Buttetrflywoman. Born in Philadelphia, PA and raised all over the world as an Air Force brat she has always lived a diversified life. Both parents raising her to understand she will always considered bi-racial as an African American and Native American to the rest of the world. Growing up with these teachings, Chenae has focused her life on not only balancing these two backgrounds, but creating awareness of the importance of culture and heritage.”



DSCF3972.jpgThank-you for listening to community radio today and special gratitude to the staff at Goddard College Community Radio for generously opening the airwaves to the indigenous perspectives of the guests today.  We will try to update this post as guests confirm!! See you on the radio,  host and producer of Moccasin Tracks, Deb Reger



Book Review: The Relentless Business of Treaties How Indigenous Land Became U.S. Property – Martin Case

GUEST_fbcb903f-3791-4588-b3af-e6c3e7a0d964We hope to talk with author, Martin Case soon on  Moccasin Tracks.  This  book is researched history that will always break my heart and leaves me questioning how do we forgive this ugly truth or can we? The so-called property system we live with today was shaped by the men who signed treaties. Big respect to Martin Case for the work that goes into this kind of research yet gifts us with an understanding.  He tells us who the treaty signers were from military officers to land speculators, business owners, traders, settlers who wanted land for themselves.

The book’s focus is with Minnesota and the treaty making times of late 1700’s through 1800’s.  The Northwest Territory included many Nations that were swindled  by so-called treaties, and there is still court rulings today that look at decisions from that time period.

We look forward to conversing with Martin Case about this revealing work and appreciate looking at these past tragic acts to move forward with truth. The book is available thru the Minnesota Historical Society Press.  Moccasin Tracks is heard on WRUV FM Burlington Fridays Noon-2PM.

Thanks, Deb Reger, host and producer of Moccasin Tracks and find us on facebook.com/MoccasinTracks.

Minnesota Historical Society Press (www.mnhspress.org)





Let The Landscape Speak For Itself with Doug Harris, Narragansett Tribal Deputy Officer for the Narragansett Tribal Historic Preservation Office

Moccasin Tracks was honored and humbled to be able to record and video this important presentation at the Annual Elders Gathering at Sunray Peace Village in Lincoln, Vermont July 2018.  Doug Harris has made this presentation dozens of times in towns, schools, churches and other public places to inform and suggest collaboration in protecting Sacred Sites and in particular the Ceremonial Stone Landscapes set in prayer by the ancestors of the Original Peoples.  This is a 4-part series that we release here after review and editing.  The series is available to community access TV in your area thru ORCAmedia.net, where Moccasin Tracks is pleased to volunteer and broadcast.  We have to thanks staff and post production manager, Zach Zorn for teaching and encouraging Moccasin Tracks in presenting these videos of current and public affairs regarding the  Original Peoples of N’dakinna and in this greater area of so-called New England.

In contemplating the relationships of the many Nations both with each other and Earth and all life we realize how important it is to Protect and support the protection of Sacred Sites for the greater good of all life.  In these videos you will hear the stories of some of these sites now under Protection and the process of identifying and preserving these most sacred sites for the future generations.  Thank-you for honoring and protecting sacred sites where you are.

Here is the link to Part One: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RQIrZJFN028

Here is the Link to Part 2: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6vjkSzFk3E



Part 3: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgussQa4ljg


Part4: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L1qpteWjobo



Thank-you for all you do to protect water, mother earth and all life!

Let The Landscape Speak For Itself

Doug Harris, preservationist

From The Elders Weekend at the Peace Village in Lincoln, Vermont we are grateful to everyone who made this possible to be able to film this presentation by Narragansett Tribal Deputy Officer for the Narragansett Tribal Historic Preservation Office, Doug Harris. The presentation is called Let The Landscape Speak and we are honored to be able to share this with everyone who may be interested in protecting Sacred Stone Landscapes and Ceremonial Stone Sites. In this first part of the presentation Doug gifts us with background information and stories of working with Eastern Tribes and Southern Tribes in this important work. He continues to work to identify and protect sites with all tribes, towns and Nations that have cultural interest in this preservation. In this segment Elder, Michael Bastine shares information that speaks to the word “Indian” and how the original peoples were seen as In-dios (people with God within) could we say spiritual? there was not a country called India yet, Michael tells us. Doug is also using the opportunity to address the children gathered. Meri Kitchens shares a welcoming song and Doug gifts us with an introduction to his work and how he was assigned to be the deputy officer by medicine people of his tribe. This is a preview and we welcome comments as we continue to edit this program at the community access TV, ORCAmedia.net. Thank-you Sunray and Wisdom of Elders Gathering for allowing Moccasin Tracks to film. contact Deb Reger for more information about the film at wruv.moccasintracks@gmail.com sunray.org for information about the Peace VillageMVI_0956.MP4.00_58_40_13.Still0030003101DSCF4633.jpg
Part ONE:
Part TWO
In this segment Doug continues his presentation and describes the relationship with towns and the making of MOU’s to protect the sites that have been identified.  He shares about some of the sites that have already been protected.
There is more to be edited and these posts are a preview of the complete presentation which we will continue to work on.  We are also thankful to ORCA media for the use of cameras and editing computers.  Thank-you to the Narrangansett Tribal Historic Preservation Office and to Deputy Officer, Doug Harris for protecting Sacred Sites and
Ceremonial Stone Landscapes for future generations.