Abenaki Heritage Weekend 2019

Abenaki Heritage Weekend at the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum June 22-23, 2019 Vergennes, Vermont

A family friendly event at the water front on the beautiful Lake Champlain Maritime Museum grounds with the Abenaki Tribes and Bands of so-called Vermont. There is an entrance fee but well worth the investment!! Moccasin Tracks has been honored to be able to record this event previous years and here are links to preview what we filmed. Thank-you to everyone who was interviewed.  Enjoy the event.

Video filmed by Moccasin Tracks at the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum with Vermont Abenaki Artists Association June 23, 2018. We interview with Chief Roger Longtoe Sheehan at the “Roost” and also with friend of the Abenaki, Snapper where they gift us with a Living History exhibit. Making our way thru the grounds we visit with Brian Chenevert and his son Nathan after recording the Nulhegan Drum lead by Chief Don Stevens. Aaron Wood is demonstrating the preparation of ash splints for basket making and Kerry R. Wood shows us her beautiful baskets. Artist, Amy Hook Therrien talks about the inspiration for her artwork and Diane Stevens shows us her photography. Jeanne Morningstar Kent talks with us about the importance of knowing your roots and how that knowing her genealogy has helped her to focus on art based on Wabanaki designs. She is a member of the Nulhegan Band of Coosuk Abenaki Nation. Linda Longtoe Sheehan shows her wampum and a new necklace woven on the bias. Thank-you to all.

Moccasin Tracks recorded Professor Paul Tamburro at the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum Abenaki Heritage Celebration June 25, 2016. He is a member of the Nulhegan Abenaki Tribe. (abenakitribe.org) More about Paul-Rene Tamburro and his Art go to http://www.sunrisedrum.com In this video Professor Paul tells us his perspective on education regarding the Original Peoples and suggestions to fix and change the systems that continue to genocide and remove Indigenous Knowledge. thank-you for watching

Moccasin Tracks attended the 10th annual Abenaki Heritage days at the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum and visited with the Abenaki Artists Association. We recorded the Nulhegan Drum and the Youth Drum and visiting Abenaki singers. Thank-you to everyone! More info at: abenakiart.org and abenakitribe.org and lcmm.org this video made possible with the help of Zach Zorn from Onion River Community Media Access check out at: orca.org This video prepared for broadcast on community TV thru Vermont Media Exchange.

Jesse Bruchac speaking at the Lake Champlain Maritime museum, 2018 .

Moccasin Tracks is broadcasting at the Goddard College Community Radio, WGDR Plainfield Mondays 9AM-10:30AM, eastern time with host and producer Deb Reger.

enjoy the archive here: http://www.wgdr.org/ then click on archives and scroll down to Moccasin Tracks http://archive.wgdr.org/

A project we are working on is with Trudy Parker, author of Aunt Sarah, more soon…..

IMG_2820.JPGphotos by Shirly Hook






Announcements Regarding Moccasin Tracks, New Interview Links And Gratitude For Mother Earth And Water Protectors

images-8Circling Around And Defining What We Broadcast

This is an awesome Spring and we understand how hard it has been for some of the swimmers and crawlers and flyers and other living beings at this time with Mother Earth and yet my heart fills with Gratitude for this day as we begin to write this reflection to share with you some of the news and views of this volunteer community radio broadcaster. Moccasin Tracks will be on the radio starting June 3, 2019 at Goddard College Community Radio, WGDR Plainfield and WGDH Hardwick at 91.1FM and 91.7FM and online at wgdr.org as part of the “Public Affairs and Educational” block of programming Monday mornings at 9:05 AM-10:30AM. We are not replacing any programming but rather adding to a so-called mission that is including voices from the community. We will continue to prioritize the voices of the original peoples and the many issues confronting original peoples today that includes decolonization of our minds, workplaces and institutions. As Abenaki scholar Marge Bruchac said in an interview, “we are still living in a colonial state, we are not yet in a post-colonial time…” Decolonization is still important to talk about and work for. 9780816539390

To hear the complete interview with Professor Marge Bruchac listen here:

Historians are on the front lines of decolonization and we appreciate the work being done world-wide by indigenous historians. One such example is the new book by Professor Ben Dangl : The Five Hundred Year Rebellion: Indigenous Movements and The Decolonization of History in Bolivia
Listen here to interview: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb4/episodes/2019-05-12T03_21_27-07_00
** Book tour continues follow on the website http://bendangl.com/ 9781849353465

Grandmothers the cornerstone of Indigenous Societies are always inspiring to talk to. In this conversation with Grandmother Sharon Day she asks us to have “transformative” relationships.
Listen here: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb5/episodes/2019-05-18T04_05_12-07_00

Another interview with Grandmother Sasa here: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb4/episodes/2019-05-12T02_36_49-07_00
** Ceremony is June 1, 2019 in Ossipee, NH

Water Is Life Walks (see the facebook page) with Grandmother Carole Bubar-Blodgett can be heard here as well as a short interview with Tribal Historian and author Brian Chenenvert https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/wruvmoccasintracks/episodes/2019-04-28T02_56_53-07_00

As you know we have been learning about film and video and producing a series of Moccasin Tracks on the community access cable network in Vermont. We are learning a lot as we document “Living Culture” today with the Abenaki Nation and others. The latest feature can be viewed here: http://www.youtube.com/MoccasinTracks
and here: https://www.orcamedia.net/series/moccasin-tracks

Thank-you for continuing to support the Original Peoples!! and your local community radio and TV wherever you are. Thank-you for lifting each other up and being your potential. DSCF4830 2carolyn-hunt-storytelling51M8P0fY5EL._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_Bryan Blanchette will be on air with Moccasin Tracks June 3.  Look for some new video work in June as we are recording with Lucy Cannon-Neal and youth this week, and later with Tribal Elder, Trudy Parker author of “Aunt Sarah Woman Of The Dawnland”.  Swift Deer’s Spirit Game by Brian Chenenvert, pic of Carolyn Black Hunt (Abenaki storyteller) who we often feature on Moccasin Tracks.




Abenaki Heritage Days Opening At The Vermont State House (Capitol)

DSCF4831.jpgThe Road To Recognition Permanent Exhibition Opening With Speeches, Music, Drumming and Alnobak (The People of N’dakinna)

Moccasin Tracks attended the Abenaki Heritage Days at the Vermont State House May 1 and will be working on a video to share with you. It was a gift and honor to be able to attend to celebrate with the People of The Dawnland (alnobak) and others the Proclamation designating May 1-5 as Abenaki Heritage Days. Chief Shirley Hook (Koas Abenaki) spoke, and Commissioner Carol McGranahan (Nulhegan Abenaki), spoke about the Road To Recognition exhibit which she helped to curate, organize and set-up along with others. There where many other speakers which will be in the video including some of the state representatives that helped with the various legislative bills that were passed this year and  other dignitaries of the Abenaki Nation.  We will be broadcasting and posting audio and video we recorded.  Stay tuned!

DSCF4839Performance by intertribal group

DSCF4848 2.jpgDSCF4849

DSCF4840.jpgCharlie Delaney and Beverly Little Thunder


Abenaki Tribal Historian, Grandmother Leading Sacred Water Walk, Creating Awareness Of Sexual Assault And More On Moccasin Tracks And Links To Listen

DSCF4242From Live Broadcasts on WRUV FM Burlington with host, producer and audio editor: Deb Reger

University of Vermont is the host for the student run and community supported FM radio station broadcasting from the campus at the student union building, Davis Center. This is the fifth year we have been broadcasting Moccasin Tracks from WRUV FM and our 10th year of volunteer community radio broadcasting. Thank-you for your support and especially for considering the original peoples (Alnobak) that lived in this area known as N’dakinna (Dawnland). We started learning radio at Goddard College (WGDR FM), and continued to broadcast Moccasin Tracks at other college/community stations (WPCR FM Plymouth, WJSC FM Johnson, special shows at WOOL FM Bellows Falls) before landing at WRUV FM Burlington. We are still learning radio and and how to be an ally and appreciate your comments and input. We are defined as educational and public affairs but we also share music both traditional and contemporary. Our playlists are at http://www.spinitron.com and we post regularly at http://www.facebook.com/MoccasinTracks.

On May 1, from 4-6PM there will be an event that begins a week-long celebration of Abenaki Heritage. Join us at the Vermont State House with an opening of a permanent exhibit at the State House, activities, talk and performance. Moccasin Tracks will be filming this event with ORCA media.

May 1 Invite Abenaki Celebration.jpg


From the latest broadcast with Grandmother Carole Bubar-Blodgett talking about the Water Is Life Walk Mahacanattuck River 2019 (Hudson River) and in part 2 Brian Chenevert, Nulhegan Abenaki tells us about being the Tribal Historian. Listen here to the podcast rebroadcast on about 26 stations thru the Pacifica Radio Network : https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/wruvmoccasintracks/episodes/2019-04-28T02_56_53-07_00


Since April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month, Moccasin Tracks featured two shows to the topic including an indigenous perspective.

and here:


earlier in the month we talked with founder of Mothers Against Meth Alliance, Julz Rich who has a big job and works hard to eradicate meth dealers on her Rez, Pine Ridge. She is constantly harassed and recently just after this interview her windows were smashed.


Look for our latest you tube featuring Abenaki Poet, Roland Bluto and Musician, Bryan Blanchette. We filmed and edited for ORCA media, cable TV station in Montpelier.


We are broadcasting May 3, 10 and 17 on Friday Noon-2PM and maybe changing our broadcast times for the summer 2019.  Stay tuned for summer schedule!

Love is most powerful force, so says Albert Einstein! We acknowledge the light within you and extend greeting of Love! see you all on the radio or lets carry water together along the Hudson!!

Moccasin Tracks Hosts Panel Discussion: Sexual Assault Awareness With University of Vermont Women’s Center, Steps To End Domestic Violence, and Chief Eugene Rich (Mississquoi Abenaki)

April 5, 2019, Noon, Live Radio With WRUV FM Burlington (90.1FM and wruv.org)


DSCF4417In this one hour live radio show we will be talking about sexual assault awareness. How to be more aware of rape culture, on college campus and the greater community. The panelists each have skills and knowledge including an indigenous perspective from Chief Eugene. They work with survivors, listen and counsel with victims of abuse and have solutions that pave a way forward to empower each other, to protect each other and heal.

Sarah Mell, Education & Outreach Coordinator

Sarah (she/her or they/them pronouns) has been active in the field of sexuality education for more than a decade, with much of that work focused on college and University campuses. Trained by the award-winning education team at Planned Parenthood of Northern New England, much of Sarah’s work focuses on intersections of identities and power as they relate to our understanding of intimate relationships and sexuality. As Education & Outreach Coordinator, Sarah provides training and workshop opportunities for students, staff, and faculty on concepts of positive sexuality, the prevention of sexual and intimate partner violence, and the ways we experience power and privilege in relationship to ourselves and others. She is responsible for the coordination of the annual Dismantling Rape Culture Conference each spring, as well as for getting the word out about who the Women’s Center is and what we do on campus and in the community. She is happiest when she is performing on stage, or when talking with college-aged men about all things related to sexuality. https://www.uvm.edu/womenscenter

Judy Rickstad, Campus Victim’s Advocate

Also known as the “Victim’s Advocate,” Judy (she/her pronouns) is responsible for providing direct services and coordinating services on campus for victims of sexual assault, stalking, and relationship and domestic violence.  She serves as a confidential source to provide options, information, and advocacy to survivors of sexual violence, and to friends and family members.  Additionally, Judy provides educational programs around issues of gender violence to students, staff, and faculty. As an advocate, she works closely with a variety of campus and community organizations to help prevent violence and to provide the best service possible to survivors.She says,” I am involved in facilitating and creating the Empowerment series on healing that is held at the Women’s Center. https://www.uvm.edu/womenscenter.com


From Steps To End Domestic Violence, Education and Prevention Coordinator, Marla Goldstein will join us.  She visits many schools in the area and listens and works with youth.  Her experience and knowledge from the larger community is  important in this conversation and we are excited to have her join us.
Chief Eugene Rich has many calls at the Mississquoi Tribal Office that concern Abenaki citizens. He has a sensitive nature and awareness of the needs of his tribal members and especially related to survivors of domestic violence. We appreciate his perspective and look forward to hearing about programs he is working on that educate and bring awareness to his Abenaki community. (https://www.abenakination.com/)

This program will be updated as needed. Thank-you to WRUV staff Katie Masterson and Gabby for your help in setting up and thank-you ahead to other DJ’s for your help!! See you on the radio with Moccasin Tracks April 5 at Noon!! from host and producer, Deb Reger



2019 Moccasin Tracks Updates, Links To Interviews And Announcements


Moccasin Tracks is a radio show featuring “pre-american” ie: Original Peoples perspectives and music (traditional and contemporary) live interviews ,news including National Native News (nv1.org). We often say we are holding space for the indigenous perspective. It is the work of decolonizing and reindigenizing with Earth as Mother and all life as family that inspires Moccasin Tracks. We acknowledge the area we broadcast from as N’Dakinna, the ancestral homeland of the Abenaki Peoples. Rebroadcasts include First Voices Radio with host Tiokasin Ghosthorse http://www.firstvoicesindigenousradio.org (Pacifica Radio Network) and National Native News with host Antonia Gonzalas from Native Voice One (NV1.org) We are currently on air with WRUV FM Burlington at 90.1FM and wruv.org where show is archived week to week Fridays Noon-2PM.
Find Moccasin Tracks page on Facebook.com

We are also creating and archiving events with the various Abenaki Bands, individuals and support groups with the Onion River Access Media where we have produced editions of Moccasin Tracks for Vermont cable TV. (www.orcamedia.net)

contact us at wruv.moccasintracks@gmail.com New Music with Crazy Flute and interview with Jack Crazy Flute Listen here:https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-12-28T09_29_54-08_00  and here: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/communityradiowithdeb/episodes/2019-01-19T05_41_04-08_00 we play music by Crazy Flute too! 61G6Dn103HL._SR600,315_PIWhiteStrip,BottomLeft,0,35_SCLZZZZZZZ_.jpg268x0w copy 2.jpg


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-26T04_27_14-08_00  In this podcast Chenae Bullock gifts us with story about her Canoe Journey and local organizing to protect ancestors, land and water.


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2019-01-06T04_56_52-08_00  In this podcast we are visited by Hears Crow who shares story and storytelling opportunities.

https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb4/episodes/2019-02-02T07_25_33-08_00 Evan Pritchard join us on air for lots of stories..39f900c0.jpg

We also had a wonderful conversation with journalist, author Tracy Hentz and you can go here: https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/communityradiowithdeb/episodes/2019-01-19T04_54_00-08_00

For the month of Feb we have guests confirmed  Jimi Brink (Abenaki) on Feb 15 as well as Bird Runningwater to talk about the Indigenous Program from Sundance Institute.  We’re also hoping to talk with storyteller Darlene Kascak (Schaghticoke).  Melissa Otis will join us March 1 to talk about her recently published book,”Rural Indigenousness A History of Iroquoian And Algonquin Peoples Of The Adirondacks”.  And we are working on a program to highlight Teen Dating Violence and Domestic Violence possibly Feb 22.  Tune in Fridays from noon-2PM(EST) at wruv.org and 90.1FM locally. Thank-you WRUV FM Burlington for hosting Moccasin Tracks and making archives!

Bonus: from 1937 Wisconsin Archeologist

W&er Monster Inhabited Lakes of Wisconsin 27

Dorothy Moulding Brown

In Wisconsin Indian Place Legends, a booklet recently published by the Folklore Section of the Wisconsin Federal Writers’ Project, there are a number of aboriginal legends connected with the Wisconsin and Rock Rivers and Lakes Winnebago, Koshkonong, Green, Thunder, and other lakes in which water monsters figure more or less prominently. No one knows how old some of these myths may be. Doubtless, most of them go back into the past for a hundred years, several hundred years, or an even longer period of time. All of our Wisconsin tribesmen appear to have firmly believed that in the many lakes and water courses in their tribal domains and hunting grounds all over Wisconsin there were present animal water demons of a very fierce and destructive nature.

Some of these mythical water monsters were huge snakes, great turtles, monster fish, bears, beavers, or pan- ther-like animals, the latter often known by the name of water spirits.

These water animals lived in dens or lairs at the bottoms of lakes and streams and the very superstitious red men believed them responsible for many of the water phenomena such as storms on water, waterspouts, rapids, and whirl- pools. They were responsible for the overturning of birch- bark or dugout canoes and for the drowning of swimmers. Such victims were often carried down by the water mon- sters into their dens and there devoured or ‘imprisoned, their bodies to be later released. .Such beliefs are still cur- rent among many Indians in W,isconsin. .

In @assingby or over waters’ believed or known to be inhabited by these water spiri’ts, Indian canoemen paused to cast handfuls of kinnikinnik, or Indian tobacco, upon their surfaces to quiet and obtain the good will of these denizens. Such strange proceedings have been mentioned

28 WISCONSIN ARCHEOLOGIST Vol. 17, No.2 by early French fur traders and other travelers and were

also told to other white men by the Indians themselves.

Among other lakes and streams-not already mentioned -which these water monsters were known to inhabit were Lac du Flambeau, the Chain o’ Lakes at Waupaca, Shawano Lake, Okauchee Lake, Poygan Lake, and Devils Lake. Ac- cording to the Chippewa Indians an evil spirit lodges in the waters of Manitowish River, hence its name.

The water panthers, called by the Winnebago, Wakteci, have been described as huge, long-tailed animals with horns on their heads, large fiery eyes, and powerful jaws and claws. At night they came out on the river or lake banks. “Only a few Indians have ever seen them and some persons have become demented by seeing them.”

When Earthmaker created the world he thrust four of these water spirits through it to keep the globe from re- volving and.to quiet it.

On the north shore of Lake Mendota, opposite Gover- nors Island at Madison, is a known Indian den of a group of these underwater panthers. They have been held re- sponsible for a number of drownings which have taken place here in recent years–of both Indians and white men.

These water spirits do not always remain a t this station; some of them roam about the lake searching for possible victims.

It is believed that at Mendota originated the Madison legend that for some unknown reason Lake Mendota muat each year possess the bodies of drowned white persons, Some of these were reported to have been students of the Uni- versity of Wisconsin. On old Indian who makes more or less of a busine~sof finding the bodies of drowned persons is said to have recovered several here.

The tale is told of a monster fish that lives in the deep water off Maple Bluff. This fish is supposed to be an Indian who at one time killed, roasted, and ate a spirit raccoon which he and another native had hunted, following its tracks from the northern shore of Lake Monona. For this rash act this unfortunate Indian, venturing into the

Water Monster Inhabited Lakes of Wisconsin 29 water because of a great thirst which &me upon him, was

transformed into a huge fish.

On still dark nights this monster disports itself in the water below the Bluff and may be heard beating its war drum and singing its war song. For years no Indian of the early Winnebago Tenney Park village, known as Cheedah, would venture very near this place a t any time. Those who did nearly always met with some accident.

In Wisconsin Indian legendary lore “the powerful thun- derbirds” and the water spirits were often at war with each other. Devils Lake obtained its evil name Tawahcunchuk- dahCacred Lake–from a battle of this nature which once took place here. The Thunderers shot their “arrows”

(thunderbolts) down into the water and the water spirits threw great columns of water and jagged boulders into the air to combat their enemies. Thus the rocky bluffs surrounding this beautifur lake were rent and tumbled about as they now are.

A young Indian hunter who ventured near was promised a reward by the water spirits if he would shoot and kill some of the Thunderers, but the Thunderers also promised him a reward if he would destroy some of the water mon- sters. Not wishing to offend either spirit band, the young hunter wisely departed from the scene.

In Potawatomi and Winnebago Indian days a terrible water monster in the form of a fish ranged over the whole course of the Rock River, from the vicinity of present Beloit to the foot of Lake Koshkonong.

In the early spring the presence of this terror was known by the manner in which he had, in a mad rage, broken up the ice in the stream. Some Indians believe that he still occasionally reappears in his old haunts along this river.

A Menomini legend of Sturgeon Bay tells of two Indian girls who, while playing on the sands, were lured down into the waters of the Bay by a big hairy snake. Their father found their footprints on the sandy shore and guessed what had happened to his daughters. With the help of Manabus


and the Thunderers the girls were released from the wig- wam of the monster and safely returned to their sorrowing parents.

In Lake Winnebago there lived a very large fish, prob- ably a sturgeon, with a large appetite for moose, elk, and deer. It caught these in the channel of the lake inlet and devoured horns, hide, hoofs, and all. One day some Win- nebago found this large fish floating on the surface of the water; it was dead. Searching for the cause, they found the branching antler of an elk protruding from its side. The fish swallowed the elk but had been unable to digest the antler.

Inhabiting Lake Koshkonong was a water monster of great power and terrible form. Two Indian boys once set out on this lake in canoes. The canoes were capsized and later the bodies of the boys were found floating in the lake. There was white clay in their ears and nostrils, a sure Indian sign that the water monster had caught and drawned them.

At Green Lake “more than a thousand years ago” a Sioux war party which had come by canoe to attack the Winnebago villages was destroyed by water spirits friendly- to the Winnebago. The latter caused the canoes to be caught in a large whirlpool which they created and to be sucked down into the lake. Thus the Winnebago villages were saved.

A huge serpent formed the bed of the Wisconsin River by wriggling down from the forests of Northern Wisconsin toward the Mississippi River. All other serpents fled be- fore this monster. The large serpent in his course burst through walls of solid rock forming the Wisconsin Dells.

In Thunder Lake a Thunder bird is imprisoned by a water spirit who vanquished him during a struggle while the bird was trying to carry him a~way. The bird is still there.

In a lake near Peshtigo is the den of a great white bear, the king of all bears. This lake, the Indians believe, is the window of a nearby mountain. Through this window the























Moccasin Tracks Giving Thanks

DSCF2995This week syndicated Moccasin Tracks will be playing  a rebroadcast of a show we aired on WGDR Goddard College Community Radio, Nov 22 with guests featured here (see links below to listen). This week we are adding a short conversation with Crazy Flute Jack Holland and we will post that soon.   We will be back live on WRUV FM Burlington January 4 from noon-2PM. (EST) at wruv.org and 90.1FM and then Jan 18.  Listen below to the show at the links below.

https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-25T05_39_38-08_00    with Tiokasin Ghosthorse and co-hosts Deb Reger and Aaron York.


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-24T07_08_03-08_00 A conversation with Mallory Black with the Stronghearts Native Helpline, Grandmother Carole Bubar Blodgett and co-hosts Deb Reger and Aaron York.


https://www.podomatic.com/podcasts/radiowithdeb2/episodes/2018-11-26T04_27_14-08_00  A conversation with Chenae Bullock with co-hosts Deb Reger and Aaron York.


Mallory Black

Mallory Black


Tiokasin Ghosthorse


Grandmother Carole Bubar-Blodgett


Host Deb Reger at WRUV FM


Co-host Aaron York on Nov 22, WGDR